Bharatiya Janata Party - BJP
The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is one of the two major political parties in India, along with the Indian National Congress. As of 2016, it is the country's largest political party in terms of representation in the national parliament and state assemblies, and it is the world's largest party in terms of primary membership. The BJP is a right-wing party, with close ideological and organisational links to the Hindu nationalist Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh.
Indian National Congress - INC
The Indian National Congress (INC) is a broad-based political party in India. Founded in 1885, it was the first modern nationalist movement to emerge in the British Empire in Asia and Africa. From the late 19th-century, and especially after 1920, under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, Congress became the principal leader of the Indian independence movement, with over 15 million members and over 70 million participants. The Congress led India to independence from Great Britain.
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam - AIADMK
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) is an Indian political party in the states of Tamil Nadu and Puducherry. It is currently in power in Tamil Nadu and is the third largest party in the Indian Parliament. It is a Dravidian party and was founded by M. G. Ramachandran on 17 October 1972 as a breakaway faction of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK). The party has won majorities in the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly seven times, making it the most successful political outfit in the state's history.
All India Trinamool Congress - AITC
The All India Trinamool Congress (AITC) is an Indian political party based in West Bengal . Founded on 1 January 1998 as a breakaway faction of the Indian National Congress, the party is led by its founder and current Chief Minister of West Bengal Mamata Banerjee. Prior to the 2009 general election it was the sixth largest party in the Lok Sabha with 19 seats; following the 2014 general election, it is currently the fourth largest party in the Lok Sabha with 34 seats.
Biju Janata Dal - BJD
The Biju Janata Dal (BJD) is a state political party of the Indian state of Odisha led by Naveen Patnaik, the current Chief Minister of Odisha and the son of former Chief minister Biju Patnaik, after whom the party was named. It was founded on 26 December 1997. The BJD has participated in several ruling coalitions with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) both at the Centre and in Odisha. The BJD, however, was one of the main professedly secular parties of the National Democratic Alliance.
Shiv Sena - SS
Shiv Sena (SS), also known by the name Sena, is an Indian far-right regional political party. Its ideology is based on pro-Marathi ideology and Hindu nationalism (Hindutva), founded on 19 June 1966 by political cartoonist Bal Thackeray. The party originally emerged from a movement in Mumbai demanding preferential treatment for Maharashtrians over migrants to the city. Members of Shiv Sena are referred to as Shivsainiks.
Telugu Desam Party - TDP
Telugu Desam Party (TDP), is a political party active in the Southern States of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. The party was founded by N. T. Rama Rao on 29 March 1982. Since 1995, the party is headed by Nara Chandrababu Naidu, the incumbent Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh. TDP also achieved the rare distinction of being the first regional party to become the main opposition party in Lok Sabha from 1984 to 1989.
Telangana Rashtra Samithi - TRS
Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) is an Indian political party based in Telangana. Founded on 27 April 2001 by K. Chandrashekar Rao, with a single point agenda of creating a separate Telangana state with Hyderabad as its capital. In the 2014 Telangana Assembly Election, the party won the majority seats and formed the first Government in Telangana State.
Communist Party of India (Marxist) - CPI (M)
The Communist Party of India (Marxist) ( CPI(M) is a communist party in India. The party emerged from a split from the Communist Party of India in 1964. The CPI(M) was formed at the Seventh Congress of the Communist Party of India held in Calcutta from 31 October to 7 November 1964. The strength of CPI(M) is concentrated in the states of Kerala, West Bengal and Tripura. As of 2016, CPI(M) is leading the state governments in Tripura and Kerala.
Nationalist Congress Party - NCP
The Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) is a centrist nationalist political party in India. Its youth wing is the Nationalist Youth Congress. The NCP was formed on 25 May 1999, by Sharad Pawar, P. A. Sangma, and Tariq Anwar after they were expelled from the Indian National Congress (INC) on 20 May 1999, for disputing the right of Italian-born Sonia Gandhi to lead the party.
Lok Janshakti Party - LJP
The Lok Janshakti Party (LJP) is a state political party in the state Bihar, India. It is led by Ram Vilas Paswan. The party was formed in 2000 when Paswan split from Janata Dal (United). The party has considerable following amongst Dalits in Bihar. Currently party is a member of the National Democratic Alliance.
Samajwadi Party - SP
Samajwadi Party (SP); is an Indian political party in India headquartered in New Delhi and a recognised state party in Uttar Pradesh, a northern state in India. The Samajwadi Party was one of several parties that emerged when the Janata Dal fragmented into several regional parties. The Samajwadi Party is led by ex Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh Akhilesh Yadav after he was chosen as the Party Chief in the National Convention.
Shiromani Akali Dal - SAD
The Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD), is a Sikhism-centric political party in India. There are a large number of parties with the name "Shiromani Akali Dal". The party recognised as "Shiromani Akali Dal" by the Election Commission of India is the one led by Sukhbir Singh Badal. It controls Sikh religious bodies Shiromani Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee, Delhi Sikh Gurdwara Management Committee and is the largest and most influential Sikh political party worldwide.
Rashtriya Janata Dal - RJD
The Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD - "National People's Party") is an Indian political party, based in the northern state of Bihar. The party was founded in 1997 by Lalu Prasad Yadav. The mass base of the party has traditionally been Yadavs and Muslims, two large and relatively politically active segments of Bihar's population. In 2008, RJD received the status of recognized national level party following its performance in north-eastern states. RJD was derecognised as a national party on 30 July 2010.
Aam Aadmi Party - AAP
Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) is an Indian political party, formally launched on 26 November 2012, and is currently the ruling party of the National Capital Territory of Delhi. It came into existence following differences between the activists Arvind Kejriwal and Anna Hazare regarding whether or not to politicise the popular India Against Corruption movement that had been demanding a Jan Lokpal Bill since 2011. Hazare preferred that the movement should remain politically unaligned while Kejriwal felt the failure of the agitation route necessitated a direct political involvement.